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Best programming languages to learn in 2019

March 20, 2019

We are in now in 2019, and many of you want to learn a new technology. Probably you want to start with learning a programming language but confused what language to choose and what to avoid. Almost every year, one or two new languages is released and we are excited to learn them whether we implement them or not. Well, there may be new programming languages that come and go but only the tested and robust ones stay and get updated and used widely.

Believe me, to become a pro-coder, don’t just choose any language but choose those that are absolutely required for the kind of applications you want to develop.

Here is the list of 10 different programming languages that we have listed for you to learn in 2019.

  1. Php
  2. Swift
  3. C#
  4. Python
  5. C++
  6. GO
  7. Java
  8. Kotlin
  9. Rust
  10. Javascript
  1. Php

Php (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a famous server-side scripting programming language designed to develop web applications. Many websites use Php code because most of the websites now are powered by WordPress CMS (WordPress is a PHP based CMS). The language was first developed by Rasmus Lerdorf in the year 1994 and it was named initially as “Personal Home Page”. Now it is named “Hypertext Preprocessor”. If you are unemployed and want a job as a web developer then never avoid learning this language because it is one of the widely used languages on the web. This language is considered as the easiest and friendly language in the programming world. There is a huge community in Php. There is a famous Content Management System powered by Php called “WordPress”. It is worth learning this programming language if you are a job seeker. The PHP code is embedded into HTML. PHP with MySql make it easy to build robust web applications. The best thing is Php is free and its latest version is PHP7.0 .

2. Swift

If you love using iOS, macOS then go for Swift programming language. The language is developed by Apple Inc as a general-purpose language. Swift is a powerful, interactive programming language. It is a multi-paradigm, compiled language. It is specially designed for Apple’s Cocoa and also Cocoa Touch frameworks. Apple Inc. wants Swift to support different core concepts that are related to Objective-C. Apple is constantly making the language more user-friendly. Swift was introduced in the year 2014 at Apple’s Worldwide Developers Conference. It has many cool features that you as a developer will love to explore and work.

3. C#

If you want to develop high-level software solution or want more secured application then C# is the best choice available for you. C# pronounced as C Sharp is a high-level, general-purpose and multi-paradigm programming language developed to build robust applications.

Developed by Microsoft in the year 2000 under its .NET platform. The language is not considered as a beginner’s language but most of the heavy, secured web-applications are built based on C#. The latest version of C# is 7.3 released in the year 2018. The language is modern and Object Oriented based.

4. Python

Python is not a new programming language but recently it is in every programming forum and has become famous in various programming community. Python is a general purpose programming language. The job vacancies of Python programmers have increased recently. The language has gained popularity mainly because of its use in developing AI based applications. It is not native to Java but used to develop apps for android platform. In web-development, Python is considered as one of the best and suitable languages.

There is a number of frameworks available for website development and one of the most famous is “Django”. Python is a powerful language and there are lots of libraries available. Python syntax is simple and easy to learn but don’t learn it just because its syntax is easy because it is used to develop complex applications. Python is suitable for both web and desktop applications. Python programming is considered to be suitable where big data is involved.

5. C++

If you want to be a professional game developer then you must consider learning C++ programming language. It is a statically typed, type-checked language. If you have already learned C, then C++ will be a cakewalk for you. C++ is actually C with Object Oriented feature. C++ is faster than Java. C++ is not that scalable but if your goal is to become a successful game-developer then leaning this language would be a game changer for you. You can see nice 3D games are built on C++. It is also a good language for beginners.

6. GO

Go is a programming language developed by Robert Griesemer and his team in the year 2007 at Google. It was launched in the year 2009 as Open source programming language. There are many different IDEs like Go Playground. GO is a procedural language.

Why learn GO?

It is fast, modern, and light-weight,

It is not Object Oriented based (You will love it if you hate OOPs),

Built-in mechanism for mufti-threaded program,  

There are good in-built libraries.

7. Java

Many of you may not or may like to hear it but it is true that Java will stay here for a long time. Java is not considered to be the beginner’s language but the language is robust, vast, and is one of the widely used languages in the world. In the latest research, about 90% of the Fortune 500 companies are using Java. Almost all Android apps are based on Java. Java is used to build heavy web applications. Java is secured and you can build secured, robust applications with this language. It has a big market demand especially because of Android.

Java is purely an Object Oriented Programming language and if you have already know C language then the basic syntax of Java will be easy for you.

If you are familiar with GitHub then you must be happy to know that almost 3.5 million repositories are on Java.

The latest version of Java is Java SE 12. Java is one of the widely used programming languages studied around the world.

8. Kotlin

If you want to be a great mobile developer, go with Kotlin programming language. Some people believe that Kotlin is going to replace Java and to some extent, it is true.

If you are a job seeker and is planning to learn Kotlin, then it will be a great news because the number of jobs for Kotlin developers increasing.

In this language, you can get same output like Java but with a fewer lines of code.

Kotlin is a general purpose programming language and it depends on Java Class library. This language is sponsored by JetBrains and Google. Kotlin is especially suitable for mobile Apps. This language is pretty new. It was released in the year 2017.

9. Rust

Rust is a multi-paradigm programming language with OOPs feature and similar to C++ language. It has better performance and feature of memory safety than C++. It has high-performance. It is a new language launched in the year 2014 by Mozilla. It is a system language, fast, and Open-source language. It has both features of old and new programming languages. Rust uses destruction rather than automatic garbage collection. It is compatible with all the operating systems. It is an easy language to learn if you are familiar with C and C++.

10. Javascript

There is a recent boom in the web market and almost every business need website. The world has already shifted online so the demand for Javascript developers are high. But there are not enough good JS developers and as the demand is increasing, there is an opportunity for you. If you want to be a good web-developer then JS can be one of the best options. JS at first was used as a front-end language only but now it has evolved much more than just a front-end language. JS is used for both front-end and back-end development. It has the largest community and even for desktop applications, JS is the first choice for many developers. JS is here and has a bright future. Learning this language is worth your time. Although its name is similar to Java but it is different than Java language. JS is web based language and it is the most tagged language of GitHub. Learning JavaScript will open many doors for you.

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Author :Tanmay Das

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